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tun

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See also tūn, tún, tǔn, and tùn

English

Pronunciation

Noun

Singular
tun

Plural
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tun ({{{1}}})
  1. A large cask; an oblong vessel bulging in the middle, like a pipe or puncheon, and girt with hoops; a wine cask.
  2. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) A fermenting vat.
  3. An English measure of capacity for liquids, containing 252 wine gallons; equal to two pipes.
    Quotations
    • 1882: Again, by 28 Hen. VIII, cap. 14, it is re-enacted that the tun of wine should contain 252 gallons, a butt of Malmsey 126 gallons, a pipe 126 gallons, a tercian or puncheon 84 gallons, a hogshead 63 gallons, a tierce 41 gallons, a barrel 31.5 gallons, a rundlet 18.5 gallons. — James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, p. 205.
  4. A weight of 2,240 pounds.
  5. An indefinite large quantity.
  6. A drunkard; so called humorously, or in contempt.
  7. (zoology) Any shell belonging to Dolium and allied genera; called also tun-shell.

German

Alternative spellings

Pronunciation

Etymology

From the Middle High German tuon, from the Old High German tuon, akin to the Old Saxon dôn; compare the Dutch doen.

Verb

tun (strong, third-person singular simple present tut, past tense tat, auxiliary haben, past participle getan)

  1. To do.
  2. To make.

Inari Sami

Pronoun

tun

  1. (personal) you (sg.)

Mandarin

Pinyin

tun (form of tun0 or tun5)

  1. : hunger, starving; hungry; a famine
  2. simplified: , traditional: : eat, food; radical number 184

Pinyin syllable

tun

  1. A transliteration of any of a number of Chinese characters properly represented as having one of four tones, tūn, tún, tǔn, or tùn.

Usage notes

English transcriptions of Chinese speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Chinese language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.


Old English

Etymology

From Germanic *tūna- ‘enclosure’. Cognate with Old Frisian tūn, Old Saxon tūn (Dutch tuin (garden)), Old High German zūn (German Zaun (fence)), Old Norse tún (Swedish tun (fence)).

Pronunciation

Noun

tūn m (plural tūnas)

  1. An enclosed piece of ground, an enclosure or garden.
  2. The enclosed ground belonging to an individual dwelling.
  3. The group of houses on an area of enclosed land, a homestead.
  4. A large inhabited place, a town.

Descendants

Related terms

See also

  • dōn "to place, put, set"

Romanian

Etymology

[[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:ro:Template:lang:la derivations]] tonus.

Noun

tun mf [[Category:Template:lang:ro nouns|tun]]

  1. cannon

Romansch

Noun

tun

  1. sound
  2. thunder

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