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u

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Translingual

The letter u

Etymology 1

Latin V, from which U derived

Minuscule variation of U, a modern variation of classical Latin V, from seventh century Old Latin adoption of Old Italic letter 𐌖 (V).

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. Lower case form of U. A letter of many modern variations of the Latin alphabet, including the English alphabet.
Usage notes

The letter u is used in the International Phonetic Alphabet and in several romanization systems of non-Latin scripts to represent a close back rounded vowel (IPA: /u/).

See also

Etymology 2

This definition is lacking an etymology or has an incomplete etymology. You can help Wiktionary by giving it a proper etymology.

Symbol

u

  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) symbol for unified atomic mass unit

English

Etymology

Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ᚢ (u, “ur”)

From Middle English lower case letter v (also written u), from Old English lower case u, from 7th century replacement by lower case u of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter  (u), ur), derived from Raetic letter u.

Before the 1700s, the pointed form v was written at the beginning of a word, while a rounded form u was used elsewhere, regardless of sound. So whereas valor and excuse appeared as in modern printing, have and upon were printed haue and vpon. Eventually, in the 1700s, to differentiate between the consonant and vowel sounds, the v form was used to represent the consonant, and u the vowel sound. v then preceded u in the alphabet, but the order has since reversed.

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA: /juː/
  • (phoneme): (RP) IPA: /ʌ/, /uː/, /ʊ/
  • (phoneme): (US) IPA: /ʌ/, /u/, /ʊ/
  • (phoneme): (Australian) IPA: /a/, /ʉː/, /ʊ/

 Audio (CA)help, file

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. The twenty-third (23rd) letter of the English alphabet.
    I prefer the u in Arial to the one in Times New Roman.

See also

  • Previous letter: t
  • Next letter: v

Noun

Singular
u

Plural
us

u (us)
  1. The name of the letter U
  2. A thing in the shape of the letter U

Translations

Derived terms

Abbreviation

u

  1. Underwater.
  2. you

Derived terms


Bosnian

Preposition

u [[Category:Template:lang:bs prepositions|u]]

  1. in
  2. inside
  3. at
  4. In the possession of

Croatian

Preposition

u

  1. in

Czech

Pronunciation

Preposition

u

  1. at
  2. by

Dutch

Pronunciation

Pronoun

u

  1. (personal, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) you (polite).
    Bent u klaar? — “Are you ready?”
    Bent u er nog? — “Are you still there?”
  2. (personal, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) you (polite).
    Ik zal het aan u geven. — “I will give it to you.”
    Dit zal niet werken voor u. — “This won’t work for you.”
  3. (personal, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) thee (dialectal).
    Ik doe dat wel voor u. — “I’ll do it for thee.”
  4. (personal, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) you (polite).
    Hebt u die oefening gemaakt? — “Have you prepared that exercise?”
  5. (personal, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) you (polite).
    Ze zullen dat wel voor u doen. — “They’ll do it for you.”
  6. (reflexive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) thyself (dialectal)
    Gij hebt u niet gewassen. — “Thou hast not washed thyself.”
  7. (reflexive, Template loop detected: Template:context 1) thyselves (dialectal)
    Wast u eens. — “Wash thyselves.”

Usage notes

  • The capitalization of u (as in U or Uw) is now considered old-fashioned, and no longer compulsory. In religious contexts, it is still often capitalized.
  • See usage notes at gij.

Related terms

See Dictionary:Dutch inflection


Japanese

Noun

u (hiragana )

  1. : cormorant
  2. : hiragana letter u
  3. : katakana letter u

Polish

Pronunciation

Preposition

u (+ genitive)[[Category:Template:lang:pl prepositions|u]]

  1. at

Romanian

Pronunciation

Letter

u (lowercase, capital U)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Romanian alphabet representing the phoneme /t/. Preceded by ţ and followed by v.

Romansch

Etymology

[[w:Template:lang:la language|Template:lang:la]][[Category:rm:Template:lang:la derivations]] aut

Conjunction

u

  1. or

Serbian

Pronunciation

Preposition

u

  1. in
  2. inside
  3. at
  4. In the possession of

See also


Spanish

Conjunction

u

  1. or

Usage notes

Used instead of o when the following word starts with a vowel sound which is pronounced /o/.

See also


Swahili

Prefix

u-

  1. Marks noun class 11, denoting abstract nouns, singulatives, elongated objects, and countries.

Torres Strait Creole

Noun

u

  1. (eastern dialect) a mature coconut

Usage notes

U is the sixth stage of coconut growth. It is preceded by pes and followed by drai koknat.


Uzbek

Pronoun

u (у)

  1. Demonstrative pronoun used to indicate a thing that is far away from the speaker. that.
    • U eshik.
      That is a door. / That door.

Elsewhere on the web

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