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v

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Translingual

The letter v

Etymology 1

Greek letter Υ, from which Latin V derived

Minuscule variation of Latin V, from seventh century Old Latin adoption of Old Italic letter 𐌖 (V), from Greek letter Υ (Y), Upsilon).

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. Lower case form of V. A letter of the classical Latin alphabet and most variations thereof, including the English alphabet.
Usage notes

The letter v is used in the International Phonetic Alphabet and in several romanization systems of non-Latin scripts to represent a voiced labiodental fricative (IPA: /v/).

See also

Etymology 2

Lower case form of upper case roman numeral V, from abbreviation of IIIIΛ or IIIIV (representing 5), from tally stick markings resembling \\\\⋁ or ////⋌, from the practice of designating each fifth notch with a double cut, like the corresponding Western tally mark, tally mark 5.

Alternative forms

Numeral

v (lower case Roman numeral, upper case V)

  1. cardinal number five (5).

See also

Etymology 3

This definition is lacking an etymology or has an incomplete etymology. You can help Wiktionary by giving it a proper etymology.

Symbol

v

  1. (physics) velocity

English

Etymology

From Middle English lower case letter v (also written u), from Old English lower case u and respelling of Old English f between vowels and voiced consonants.

  • Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ᚠ (f), “‘feoh’”) Old English lower case f from 7th century replacement by Latin lower case f of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter  (f), feoh), derived from Etruscan letter 𐌅 (v).
  • Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ᚢ (u), “‘ur’”) Old English lower case u from 7th century replacement by Latin lower case v of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter  (u), ur), derived from Raetic letter u.

Before the 1700s, the pointed form v was written at the beginning of a word, while a rounded form u was used elsewhere, regardless of sound. So whereas valor and excuse appeared as in modern printing, have and upon were printed haue and vpon. Eventually, in the 1700s, to differentiate between the consonant and vowel sounds, the v form was used to represent the consonant, and u the vowel sound. v then preceded u in the alphabet, but the order has since reversed.

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA: /v/
  • (letter name): IPA: /viː/ (spelled vee)

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second (22nd) letter of the English alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: u
  • Next letter: w

Abbreviation

v or V

  1. versus
  2. Verb, see SVO
  3. verse
  4. Victim

Noun

Singular
v

Plural
{{{1}}}

v ({{{1}}})
  1. a shape resembling the letter v
    The impact was so strong, it bent the bar into a v.

Czech

Pronunciation

Preposition

v

  1. in (inside, for an enclosed space) (followed by the locative case)
    On je v divadle. -- He is in the theater.
  2. at (indicating time) (followed by the accusative case)
    V šest hodin. -- At six o’clock.
  3. on (indicating a day) (followed by the accusative case)
    V pátek. -- On Friday.
  4. in (indicating a year) (followed by the accusative case)
    V roku 2007. -- In the year 2007.
  5. in (indicating a month) (followed by the locative case)
    V lednu. -- In January.

Synonyms

  • ve (before words starting with the letters f, v and w; and before some multiple-consonant words)

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA: /w/, /u/, /uː/

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)[[Category:Template:lang:la letters|v]]

  1. (Template loop detected: Template:context 1) The 20th letter of the Latin alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: t
  • Next letter: x

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA: /v/
  • (letter name): IPA: /ve/

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)[[Category:Template:lang:ro alphabet|v]]

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Romanian alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: u
  • Next letter: x

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA: /b/
  • (letter name):
    • (traditional) IPA: ['be̞ˑ] (spelled ve)
    • (common in most countries) IPA: ['uˑ.β̞e̞] (spelled uve)
    • (common in some countries) IPA: [ˌbe̞ 'ko̞ɾ.t̪ä] (ve corta), [ˌbe̞ 'β̞äˑ.hä] or [ˌbe̞ 'β̞äˑ.xä] (ve baja), ve pequeña, or [ˌbe̞ 'ʧiˑ.kä] (ve chica)

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-fifth (25th) letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Usage notes

The common letter names, as well as phrases like ve de vaca are used to distinguish the letter v from the letter b. This is done because the two letters represent a single phoneme in modern Spanish, causing their traditional names be and ve both to be pronounced as ['be̞ˑ].

See also

  • Previous letter: u
  • Next letter: w

Elsewhere on the web

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