From Old English wiþ (“‘against, opposite, toward’”), a shortened form of wiþer, from Proto-Germanic *withr (“‘against’”), from Proto-Indo-European *wi-tero- (“‘more apart’”); from Proto-Indo-European *wi (“‘separation’”). Cognate with German wider (“‘against’”) and wieder (“‘again’”), Dutch weer (“‘again’”). In Middle English, the word shifted to denote association rather than opposition.
with (abbreviation: w/)
- He picked a fight with the class bully.
- 1621, John Smith, The Proceedings of the English Colony in Virginia 
- Many hatchets, knives, & pieces of iron, & brass, we see, which they reported to have from the Sasquesahanocks a mighty people, and mortal enemies with the Massawomecks
- in the company of; alongside, along side of; close to; near to:
- He went with his friends.
- in addition to; as an accessory to:
- a motorcycle with a sidecar
- in support of:
- We are with you all the way.
- (obsolete) To denote the accomplishment of cause, means, instrument, etc; – sometimes equivalent to by.
- slain with robbers
- 1300s?, Political, Religious and Love Poems, “An A B C Poem on the Passion of Christ”, ed. Frederick James Furnivall, 1866
- Al þus with iewys I am dyth, I seme a wyrm to manus syth.
- c1388, Geoffrey Chaucer, The Legend of Good Women, Balade, 266
- Ysiphile, betrayed with Jasoun, / Maketh of your trouthe neyther boost ne soun;
- c1460, Merlin, or the Early History of King Arthur, ed. Henry Benjamin Wheatley, 1875
- And so it was comaunded to be kept with x noble men; and thei were charge to take goode hede who com to assaien, and yef eny ther were that myght drawen out of the ston.
- 1610, William Shakespeare, The Winter’s Tale, Act V, V-ii
- He was torn to / pieces with a bear:
- 1630, John Smith, Travels of Captaine John Smith, 1907 edition, Vol. II, p. 42
- At Flowers we were againe chased with foure French men of warre
- 1669, Nathaniel Morton, New England’s Memorial
- He was sick and lame of the scurvy, so as he could but lie in the cabin-door, and give direction, and, it should seem, was badly assisted either with mate or mariners
- as an instrument; by means of
- cut with a knife
- 1430?, “The Love of Jesus” in Hymns to the Virgin and Christ, ed. Frederick James Furnivall, 1867, p.26
- Þirle my soule with þi spere anoon,
- 1619, Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher, A King and no King, Act IV
- you have paid me equal, Heavens, / And sent my own rod to correct me with
- 1620, William Bradford. Of Plymouth Plantation 
- They had cut of his head upon the cudy of his boat had not the man reskued him with a sword,
- 1677, William Wycherley, The plain-dealer, Prologue
- And keep each other company in spite, / As rivals in your common mistress, fame, / And with faint praises one another damn;
- (obsolete) as nourishment, more recently replaced by on
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